This makes Hamburg (with its 1.706.696 people according to the newspaper "Welt") the 3rd largest city in the German speaking countries and Munich the 4rd largest city (with its 1.443.112 inhabitants according to Munich City Officials). Cologne (with its 1.005.775 citizens according to the newspaper "Express") ranks 5th slightly above the one-million mark.
- Berlin: __________ 3.292 millions
- Vienna/Wien: _____ 1.757 millions
- Hamburg: ________ 1.706 millions
- Munich/München: __ 1.443 millions
- Cologne/Köln: _____ 1.005 millions
So with respect to the cultural density, in line with the population density, a different picture can be drawn:
- Munich/München: __ 4.649 people/km²
- Vienna/Wien: ______ 4.238 people/km²
- Berlin: ____________ 3.692 people/km²
- Cologne/Köln: ______ 2.482 people/km²
- Hamburg: __________ 2.261 people/km²
So to get a full picture for the sensible cultural density when being in a city, it is important to respect both factors: first the absolute inhabitant figures and second the population density figures of a given city. The sensible grade of differentiation of a city goes also along with its grade of diversity and heterogeneity.
So as the results of the Census 2011 also have shown, not just Hamburg has lost 82.833 people but also many other cities in Northern Germany such as Bremen, Osnabrück, Hildesheim, Salzgitter have shrunk. In contrast to this Vienna and Munich are growing.